All Rights Reserved. Re-sprouting vigorously after a burn, the shrub’s tough, dark seeds are also impervious to heat, germinating after a blaze has cleared land. Fire-resistant Plants for Home Landscapes Selecting plants that may reduce your risk from wildfi re 3 Fire-resistant does not mean fi reproof! This list is only a starting point, and not the final word. “Applied to plants, the term “fire resistant” may be misleading. The yucca, shown blooming amid scorched trees and vegetation along the Angeles Crest Highway, is one of several fire-resistant plants that work well in California gardens. All plants on this list should be properly irrigated according tho the individual species' needs, and must be maintained free of dead twigs and leaves in order to remain fire-resistant. Occasional irrigation is The City of Oakland Watershed Program has also compiled a list of fire resistant plants native to California. These fire retardant plants have been selected based on their appearance in some of the lists, or the fact that they need some extra management criteria. "Passive pyrophytes" resist the effects of fire, particularly when it passes over quickly, and hence can out-compete less resistant plants, which are damaged. The juniper hedge serving as an icon of suburban living might now be regarded as… What’s more, it’s surprisingly fire-resistant, too. Found in many areas of Sonoma County, they thrive in our conditions. Fire resistant plants are available at a variety of locations in the area. In fact, Native Americans reportedly set fires to optimize production of this vital food source. repens. This is a curated list of common native and non-native plant species with "fire-smart" charactreristics that may make them preferable for use in landscaping in Marin County, CA. Produces vibrant blooms throughout summer. In the wild, many species of this rugged genus require fire to germinate. When fire restrictions permit burning off, throw a small sample of foliage from each tree and … All plants burn under the right conditions. Although they may be fire-resistant, known invasive species and some "water hogs" are excluded. Opening plumes of white flowers in summer, the plant’s wiry leaves provide little fuel for wildfires while the rhizome lays buried beneath the soil, safe from all but the hottest of burns. Ice Plant. For the past two months since the destructive California wildfires, one former UC Davis student Temi Salako has been raising fire-resistant plants. Safe below the soil, almost all bulbs can tolerate low intensity burns—but the Columbia lily is one of the most beautiful to grow. If you live close to bushland, also remove flammable wood-based mulches especially from around buildings. To read: Click on the right and left arrows at the edge of the box to turn pages; to make the text larger, click on the fullscreen icon in the lower-right corner (desktop) or in the center (mobile). A true desert native, the ocotillo needs warm, freely-draining soil and a good dose of hot sun to thrive. A lake for everyone, confessions of a pool crasher, and the BBQ king of California. All plants will eventually burn although some are more fire resistant, i.e. This list is not comprehensive - other suitable plants may be fire resistant. Fire Resistant Privacy Screen Plants Grow these stunning plants and flowers for a fire-smart, eco-friendly garden. A classic West Coast native, this tall, blue-flowering shrub sports masses of frothy blooms from late spring through early summer. Select fire-resistant shrubs such as hedging roses, bush honeysuckles, currant, cotoneaster, sumac and shrub apples. This list is of fire-prone plants prohibited by the Wildland Urban Interface (WUI) codes: Prohibited Plants “If you removed all of the highly fire prone trees and shrubs in Mill Valley, you would reduce the risk of catastrophic fire by 50%.” No stranger to fire, this leggy shrub will re-sprout after a burn, wasting no time re-growing its long, architectural stems and bright red trumpet-shaped blooms. Get one year of Sunset—and all kinds of bonuses—for just $24.95. See also leaf burn times. BOTANICAL NAME COMMON NAME Climate Zone TREES. A gorgeous shrub laden with pendant flowers come spring, the manzanita is one of the West’s best fire-resistant plants. FIRESafe MARIN   |   P.O. List 3. Trees Choose broad-leaf deciduous (lose their leaves) or thick leafed evergreen trees instead of conifers. The San Diego sunflower thrives in those dry, rocky, hard-to-cultivate corners of the garden, bursting with yellow daisy-like blooms year-round. Growing conditions in your yard and maintenance techniques and timing affect the relative fire-resistance and drought tolerance of plants. Even in shallow soils, this relative of the primrose is a prolific disperser of seed, making it one of the first floriferous species to establish in newly opened burn sites. In fact, virtually the only climatic variables it won’t tolerate are standing water and hard frosts. Examples of highly flammable plants include ornamental juniper, Leyland cypress, Italian cypress, rosemary, arborvitae, eucalyptus, and some ornamental grasses. 12 Berkeley Horticulture Nursery Fire Resistant Plants 1991 Berkeley Horticulture Nursery, Berkeley, CA Defines fire resistant as being able to withstand high 13 Many Australian plants are adapted to being burnt as part of their reproductive strategies, and these plants, such as Eucalypts and Banksias, should not be planted close to houses in fire areas. Drought stressed plants, or plants with dead twigs and leaves, can burn during a wildfire, regardless of species. Plants like juniper, Italian cypress, feather and fountain grasses, or ice plants require maintenance to manage dead thatch inside or under a green surface layer. Native Fire Fire Resistant Plant Species of San Mateo County Select from this list of fire resistant plants, or consult a professional for additional species. You need to consider plants as part of your fire protection plan. of Sunset Publishing Corporation. March 27, 2018 These plants were carefully reviewed by fire, forestry, and botany experts, for their relative fire resistance. This publication highlights fire-resistant plants that thrive in Willamette Valley growing conditions. Web Design By XMR Fire, Exterior Protection Systems: Sprinklers, Foam, Gel, Make a Tax Deductible Donation to FIRESafe MARIN, Berberis [Mahonia] aquifolium var. These are preferred species for landscaping Fire retardant groundcovers can slow the travel of a fire through their leaves. To ensure fire-resistance, all plants on this list must be maintained in a living state, irrigated properly, and must be kept free of dead or dry twigs and material at all times. In the garden, the leaves of full-grown specimens will quickly burn in a fire, leaving the green wood of the shrub untouched. Deer and Fire List In general, watering makes the plant more fire resistant and less deer resistant. Plants on this list can be found at most commercial nurseries specializing in native plants. In addition, in El Dorado County’s varied topography, home location can | Updated July 30, 2020, Creative Commons photo by Kat2Kat2 is licensed under CC BY 2.0, Creative Commons photo by Lotus Johnson is licensed under CC BY 2.0, Creative Commons photo by 5D*Guy is licensed under CC BY 2.0, Creative Commons photo by Valérie & Agnès is licensed under CC A-SA 3.0, Creative Commons photo by Forest and Kim Starr is licensed under CC BY 2.0, 10 Lower-Water Bulbs for a Colorful Garden. The following are just a few fire resistant plants and shrubs: Aloe Vera Bird of Paradise Bouganvillea Ice Plant Rosemary Sage Star Jasmine Wild Strawberry Fire Resistive Plant Lists Great for fire-prone climates, ice plant has fleshy green foliage that stores water. Found in moist, freely-draining soils from California through western Canada, bear grass is an adaptable member of the corn lily family. Choose fire-retardant plant species that resist ignition such as rockrose, ice plant and aloe. ** … A list of plants is offered without definition of fire retardance. Download the free fire Fire-resistant plants for the home and landscape. Get fresh recipes, wine pairings, weekend getaway ideas, regional gardening tips, home design inspiration, and more. Suggestions for selecting plants (and landscaping ideas) that may reduce your risk from wild fires. Plant list - Fire Resistant Plants Choosing plants to grow close to homes in fire-prone areas should be a process that takes flammability into account. Of these adaptations, one of the best-known is likely pyriscence, where maturation and release of seeds is triggered, in whole or in part, by fire or smoke; this behaviour is often erroneously called serotiny, although this term truly denotes the much broader category of seed release activated by any stimulus. Lavender. Drought-tolerant plants are trees, shrubs, groundcovers, and other vegetation that can grow and reproduce with only natural moisture such as rainfall. This list is not comprehensive - other suitable plants may be fire resistant. These are preferred species for landscaping around homes in the Wildland Urban Interface. Box 2831  |   San Anselmo, CA 94979   |   info@firesafemarin.org, © 2014-2020 FIRESafe MARIN. Native across the high-elevation terrain of the West, this lily boasts tall clusters of orange flowers June through August, setting hillsides ablaze in a wash of bright petals. Fire-resistant plants are those that do not readily ignite from a flame or other ignition sources, such as embers. Plants with high moisture or salt content and/or low oil content will take more to ignite. A fire resistant roof is the most important fire safe preventive measure to ensure home survival in a wildland fire. Plants like eucalyptus, palms, or some manzanitas shed dry bark or Native plants are often considered the first choice when landscaping a property for arid or fire-prone regions. It provides a diverse list of plants by category: groundcovers, perennials, woody shrubs and vines, and trees. In the wild, many species of this rugged genus require fire to germinate. Fire-resistant plants This means getting rid of rubbish, clearing weeds and debris and cutting back overhanging branches so they are clear of buildings. These plants exhibit relatively more resistance to burning when exposed to fire. A few of the trees and shrubs on their list include: Cottonwood, California Buckeye, Western Redbud, California Wax Myrtle, and California Lilac, the Blueblossom variety. For Eco-Tip 12-2-18 Getting Rid of Fire Prone Plants By David Goldstein, VCPWA, IWMD And Jessica Craven Goldstein, University of California Master Gardener If you live near open space, you might consider ridding your landscape of certain fire prone plants. The box stores as well as the local nurseries all carry an array of both fire resistant plants as well as some highly flammable species. Are there any plants that are fire resistant or retardant? Plants have evolved many adaptations to cope with fire. •Our list of plants is carefully curated for highly fire-resistant plants favorable to Marin's climate. less flammable than others (see the list of plants at the end of these guidelines). Subscribe now! Smooth barked trees will not burn as readily as stringy or rough barked trees. In the garden, the leaves of full-grown specimens will quickly burn in a fire, leaving the green wood of the shrub untouched. No strangers to fire, yucca’s tough, filamentous leaves burn slowly and many species quickly re-sprout after being burned. SUGGESTED PLANT LIST FOR A DEFENSIBLE SPACE. Those which generally have some fire These plants were carefully reviewed by fire, forestry, and botany experts, for their relative fire resistance. Using these plants within the "home ignition zone" can reduce the likelihood of a fire being carried from a forested area to the home. Aeonium. Since it stores water it is drought-tolerant and fire-resistant. Bushfire resistance If you live in a high bushfire risk area, you need to be aware of the risks you face during the fire season. If you live in an area which is prone to fire, then you need to make a decision about what to keep near your house and what to remove. Accustomed to life in hot, fire-prone southern California, this sunflower is tough. A gorgeous shrub laden with pendant flowers come spring, the manzanita is one of the West’s best fire-resistant plants. Maine fire-resistant plant list This is a partial list of fire-resistant plants that are approved by the Maine Forest Service for use when landscaping within 30 - 100 feet of a structure. On hot, windy days, when the ground is dry and plants have little moisture in stems and leaves, fire can race through almost Second most important is landscaping. Care should be taken to not place fire prone plants adjacent to any structures and preferably not within 30 feet of the house. This list is not exhaustive: other online resources are available to help you select additional species. Icon of the desert west, the yucca is actually tolerant of a wide range of conditions. Please Note: In fire … Acer platanoides rubrum saccharinum saccarum macrophyllum Alnus rhombifolia Arbutus unedo Archontophoenix cunninghamiana Arctostaphylos spp. Depending on how deep fireweed’s creeping rhizomes go, this beautiful purple-flowering perennial can be seriously resistant to fire. All plants can burn, but with An explanation of these numbers is given at the bottom of this table. The most flammable trees are Cyprus, pines, eucalyptus, and some other natives, some of which have been known to explode once engulfed in flames. The towering spires of yucca’s blooms will dazzle in almost any environment—so long as they get plenty of sun. This week, he plans to transplant them at and around local schools. *plant no closer than 30’ from structures. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our, – Fire acts favorably for some species. They list 178 fire-resistant tree species for Marin's climate zones (Sunset Zones 15, 16, 17), vs the 20 trees we've selected. Plant hardwood, maple, poplar and cherry trees … Even fi re-resistant plants will burn if not well maintained. Copyright © 2020 Sunset Publishing Corporation. Low-growing succulent with round rosettes and a sculptural quality. 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