The Whaling Crew List Database is a comprehensive index of men and ships on whaling voyages from the New Bedford Customs District from 1809 through 1927. Negroes, as African-Americans were called at the time. It does not include those who joined along the way. The Act of 28 February 1803 contained the first legal mention and requirements for keeping a Crew List as part of the ship… The Crew List Database will be updated once a year, send comments to research@whalingmuseum.org. 45p - The Frankin. Before a vessel could depart on a foreign voyage, the master had to deliver a list of the crew, verified by his oath, to the customs collector at that port. The discovery, with the settlement of Hobart , that the Derwent River estuary was a breeding ground for the southern right whale encouraged the launch of the first Sydney-owned whaler, the King George, in June 1805. The schooner Franklin was built in Eastport, ME in 1833. We are in the process of compiling an extensive online information source to make it easier for you to discover the conditions under which your ancestors worked. With Chris Aultman, Paul Watson, Peter Hammarstedt, Benjamin Potts. The whaling crews would hunt the whale species for their blubber. The ship acted like a bank, a deposit in the hold for barrels of whale oil or bundles of baleen. Ship and crew. This issue depicts whaling and sealing ships that sailed with Tristanian crew in the 19th century. Drafting Basque whalemen for Arctic explorations, the English Muscovy Company initiated the exploitation of whaling bays around the island of Spitsbergen in 1610. The crew maneuvers the vessel until it is close enough for hunters to lash out with their whalespears, which are connected to ropes tied to the ship. In all, there were men from 33 states and two territories in the United States represented, as well as men from more than 100 nations or islands worldwide. We have gathered these crew lists in a single searchable, sortable database. The Customs agent wrote down what he heard. This ship was under the command of the Captain George Pollard, Jr. This Whaling History database only includes the 943 identified whaling voyages from New London and their 23, 400 crew entries . All rights reserved. Seaports such as Mystic have been active in the shipbuilding, fishing, and whaling industries for hundreds of years. Between 1888 and 1904 she was based in San Francisco. Crew of the Whaling Schooner, Margaret, 1907 - Mystic Seaport Museum Although no particular data is available on the Margaret , she is representative of Connecticut’s important maritime history. Each of these roles carries unique responsibilities that are integral to the successful operation of a seafaring vessel. Crew Lists. All rights reserved. The surnames of two American whalers, Hagan and Rogers, remain today. Therefore, the records present a need for creative interpretation in their use. A modern crew learns the secrets of sailing a restored New England whaling ship. The voyage and crew list names entered in this database have been transcribed from copies of the originals held by the National Archives. Ship’s Size American Offshore Whaling Voyages; Connecticut Ship Database, 1789-1939; Charles W. Morgan Crew Lists; Fall River Whaling Crew Lists; New London Crew Lists, 1803-1878; Salem Crew Lists, 1799-1879 1859: Oil was discovered in Pennsylvania, resulting in a severe decline in demand for whale oil and signaling the end of the New England whaling industry. There he was required to produce the persons named and described in the Crew List to give account for any crew members who were not present. Although Nantucket vessels were almost always commanded by local men brought up in the business, crews were often ethnically and racially diverse. Each whaleboat was led by one of the three officers – Pollard, Chase, and Joy – each of whom then chose his five other crew members. There are a lot of ways to make a living at sea, including serving aboard a military ship, operating a merchant vessel, or even turning pirate. The valiant volunteers who entered the data were reading and interpreting second-generation handwritten records. It was the first time in American history that a whaling ship was assaulted by its prey in what seemed like a calculated attack. Japanese whaling crew 'eaten alive by killer whales, 16 dead' story definitely a hoax. Any strong man willing to work was quickly signed on. Come and talk to us - free information and services for your genealogy research. Muchos ejemplos de oraciones traducidas contienen “whaling ship” – Diccionario español-inglés y buscador de traducciones en español. Using records kept by the chaplains of the New Bedford Port Society and currently stored in the Museum’s Research Library, the volunteers entered the names and physical descriptions of men leaving the port of New Bedford on whaling voyages from 1840 to the end of whaling in 1927. Their names only appear if they later left New Bedford on another voyage. Crew lists for New Bedford voyages have been compiled using records kept by the chaplains of the New Bedford Port Society. Our core databases are the work of Judith Lund and Tim Smith. Notes certifying sickness, discharge or desertion, usually signed by a consular official, were often included with the original list in order to prove that individuals not present were legally accounted for. Orc Whaling Ship. ... Eleven of 26 of the Acushnet’s crew and officers were to do the same before the trip was over. This stunning and dangerous limited series spotlights both the controversial Japanese whaling trade and the tactics that the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and its staff and volunteers use to cripple it. The Crew of the Ship Essex Catalog of art, objects, photography and ships plans; Manuscript Collections; Ships Plans Collections; Discover Rosenfeld; Digital Resources. But Pollard had never imagined lightning would strike twice, and according to the writings of Thomas Nickerson, a crew member who worked both doomed voyages, ... Whaling Ship … Japanese whaling ship detains 2 protesters . The early deep sea whalers usually carried crews of: 1. Ships of the British whaling fleet in Antarctica By George Cummings, painter and former whaler This first painting is the Southern Venturer at Leith Harbour Whaling Station in November 1961. Crew of the Whaling Schooner, Margaret, 1907 - Mystic Seaport Museum. Logbook, kept by Charles P. Seabury, relating to a whaling voyage to the South Atlantic and Pacific Oceans; 1850 Sept. 15-1851 July 14; Includes descriptions of types of whales seen or taken, punishment on board, ships spoken to, ship crushed by ice in Anadyr Sea and abandoned, and ship's crew on whaleboats saved by bark Harvest. the voyage and crew list datasets have been updated on whaling history - 2 february 2020. two new papers - one on voyage lengths in the british southern whale fishery and a second on british whaling to the north of australia and in indonesian and new guinea waters. The Whaling History website is a collaboration between Mystic Seaport Museum and New Bedford Whaling Museum. A whaling ship, c. 1854. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "whaling ship" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. One harpooner was assigned to each of the small whaleboats. Whaling Crews. Others such as Thomas Rogers, Joseph Andrew Hagan, Robert Swain, Thomas Swain and Samuel F Johnson also sailed on various whaling and sealing ships. View source →. Whaling was an expensive industry: fully outfitting a suitable ship cost more than £10,000. The Crew of the Ship Essex 21 sailed from Nantucket on August 12, 1819 … The Whaling Crew, New Haven, Connecticut. The ship's crew averaged around 33 men per voyage. Whaling was a dangerous and dirty business, and ship owners constantly needed crewmen to work their ships. +7 921 758 7777. The collector then supplied the master with a certified copy of the list, copied in a uniform hand, along with a Clearance Certificate, at which time the master entered into a four-hundred-dollar bond to exhibit the Crew List to the first boarding officer he encountered upon his return to a U.S. port. Click on any row to display crew details, including a link to the voyage database. Oct 27, 2014 11:44 AM. Contact | Museum Home This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License Enderby lobbied the British Government to award the contract for transporting convicts to NSW to the whaling industry, and then let the whalers hunt in the waters of the South Pacific before returning to England with their cargoes of oil. The schooner Franklin was built in Eastport, ME in 1833. The list shows what Melville picturesquely noted, that persons from all around the world passed through New Bedford. Charles W. Morgan was a whaleship built in 1841. Using these weapons, the orc members attempt to grapple the whale; one orc makes a combat maneuver check, and receives a +2 bonus from each orc who also succeeds with an attack to aid. Crew lists for whaling voyages recorded at the customs houses in Fall River, and Salem, Massachusetts, and in New London, Connecticut, have been compiled as part of various projects and from various sources over the years. Any strong man willing to work was quickly signed on. They will provide raw data which can be studied by sociologists and anthropologists researching the whaling industry as well as immigration patterns of the residents of the city. American Offshore Whaling : About Crew Lists. Gay Head Indians from Martha’s Vineyard; and 3. The term whaler is mostly historic. Whaling Ship Crew List Shows Melville Embarking on a Journey That Inspired Moby-Dick. Whaling Ship Crew List Shows Melville Embarking on a Journey That Inspired Moby-Dick. Prior to sailing the shipmaster or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel’s destination and its crew. Charles W. Morgan had more than 1,000 whalemen of all races and nationalities in her lifetime. You are encouraged to submit additions and corrections through the submission form. Although all 20 crewmen initially survived, only 8 were rescued following an arduous journey that devolved into cannibalism. This stunning and dangerous limited series spotlights both the controversial Japanese whaling trade and the tactics that the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society and its staff and volunteers use to cripple it. Notes certifying sickness, discharge or desertion, usually signed by a consular official, were often included with the original list in order to prove that individuals not present were legally accounted for. A unified, organized student group dedicated to yelling too loud and heckling too obnoxiously at Bulldog athletic events. In 1819, at the age of 29, Pollard was one of the youngest men ever to command a whaling ship; Chase was 23, and the youngest member of the crew was the cabin boy, Thomas Nickerson, who was 14. This Whaling History database only includes the 943 identified whaling voyages from New London and their 23, 400 crew entries . Whaling – even with its economic potential – had hard work. The Port Society records were handwritten transcriptions of the Customs documents. During a whale hunt, mates typically commanded a whaleboat. They will also be useful to scholars of the arts of the whaling industry. Her crew survived a cannibal attack in the South Pacific. (AAP: Tim Watters)Narrated by actor Dan Aykroyd, it combines new and archival footage with interviews to tell the story of the four-month operation. The original Customs documents were handwritten. Ship Passenger List: the Rotterdam, from Rotterdam to NY, 1887 [on this website] Transcription of Corpus Christi: Passenger and Crew Lists of Vessels Arriving at Corpus Christi, Texas, and Vicinity. There he was required to produce the persons named and described in the Crew List to give account for any crew members who were not present. More than 1,500 sailors from at least 50 countries served as crew. This website provides an index to those crew lists. Pollard and his men survived the Two Brothers wreck and were rescued in the morning by the whaling ship Martha, which had been sailing with them. Whalers would set off from the main ship in teams aboard smaller boats, from which they would try to harpoon a whale and stab it to death with a lance. Follow the Charles W. Morgan live. The whale was going leisurely to windward, blowing every now and again two or three times, then 'turning tail,' 'up flukes,' and sinking. Crew lists for whaling voyages recorded at the customs houses in Fall River, and Salem, Massachusetts, and in New London, Connecticut, have been compiled as part of various projects and from various sources over the years. Dutch whalers near Spitsbergen, painted by Abraham Storck. Whales are cut up by Japanese fishing crew after the country resumed whaling last year amid international outcry. On some ships, the men on board were all neighbors. Prior to sailing the shipmaster, or captain of each vessel was required to file a crew list containing information about the vessel’s destination and its crew. Were any of your ancestors members of whaling ship crews? Owen Chase, the first mate on the Essex, first saw the whale. As the boat sank, the crew had a harrowing decision to make: to either head for the nearest dry land or try to cross the Pacific in rowboats. Three minke whales on a Japanese whaling ship. The Whaling History website is a collaboration between Mystic Seaport Museum and New Bedford Whaling Museum. Terminology. The original records were written down by Customs officers who were not particularly familiar with the spelling of names, and often the seamen themselves were not certain how to spell their names. Business people were more likely to invest in the less costly sealing industry. Ship … The Slop Chest. Some whalers also turned to hunting seals for their blubber and fur seals for their pelts. Containing over 37,400 names, it also provides access to crew members based upon age, complexion, birthplace and residence place. By Rebecca Onion. By the mid-1840s, more than half of the roughly 750 whaling ships in the world were based in New Bedford. The Whaling Crew List Database is a comprehensive index of men and ships on whaling voyages from the New Bedford Customs District from 1809 through 1927. (From Stein, Douglas L., American Maritime Documents 1776-1860, 1992.). With Chris Aultman, Paul Watson, Peter Hammarstedt, Benjamin Potts. Our core databases are the work of Judith Lund and Tim Smith. The original records are in the possession of NARA, Northeast Region, in Waltham, Massachusetts. The original source provides an index to those crew lists, containing over 37,400 names. Once a whale was sighted, the crew took to their whaleboats in pursuit with the immediate objective of harpooning their prey. Whaling contracts like this one were used to establish the roster of a ship's crew before beginning a voyage. The dreaded disease scurvy had struck the crew and of the 49 men who had set sail on this particular expedition, ... found wood from the Dundee whaling ship’s mast across a beach in 2018. We have gathered these crew lists in a single searchable, sortable database. Fall River Whaling Crew Lists; New London Crew Lists, 1803-1878; Salem Crew Lists, 1799-1879; San Francisco Shangaiers 1886-1890; Seamen’s Protection Certificates ; Digital Library. Her crew included not only Americans, but sailors from Cape Verde, New Zealand, the Seychelles, Guadeloupe, and Norfolk Island. Morgan Crew Lists; Fall River Whaling Crew Lists; New London Crew Lists, 1803-1878; Salem Crew Lists, 1799-1879. Crew constantly caught fresh fish, turtles, seabirds, and dolphin. In this photo released by Japan's Institute of Cetacean Research, crew members of the Japanese whaling vessel Yushin Maru No. 19 examples: Such a conclusion was entirely unwarranted; the blubber could have come from a… The crew stashed their profits away within their ship, waiting and working toward the day they could sail home and cash in on their pay. Occasionally there is added information about desertions or deaths, but these are hit or miss records the chaplain probably read in the newspaper and added to his files. Yacht Registers; Ship Registers; Imprints; Individual manuscripts; From manuscript collections; Exhibits. These records were then combined with the earlier work completed at the Free Public Library. Whaling Crew List . Within 10 years, the last whaling ship would set sail from Nantucket. Complete information about the content and structure of the database is available in the Database Description and the Column Definitions. On whaling ships, Scrimshaw engravings were done with a pocket knife a needle from the ships sail maker. Any requests for information about the original documents should be referred to the National Archives, Boston Federal Records Center. Although Nantucket vessels were almost always commanded by local men brought up in the business, crews were often ethnically and racially diverse. The sailor cut and/or scratched a picture into the polished surface. the papers of the hobart whaling conference have been published. This song, 'The Balaena', is a whaling song from old Dundee (sung here by Lowland Folk) and is taken from a vinyl album I've had for many years. Whaleships carried goats, as well as cows, hogs, and chickens, to supply the men with fresh milk, eggs, and meat. Whaling was a dangerous and dirty business, and ship owners constantly needed crewmen to work their ships. Japanese whaling ship detains 2 ... crew members of the Japanese whaling vessel Yushin Maru No. A cooper, making barrels The sinking inspired the climactic scene in Herman Melville ’s … Crew Lists. The Most Audacious Australian Prison Break of 1876 An American whaling ship brought together an oddball crew with a dangerous mission: freeing six Irishmen from a jail in western Australia Databases. Captains & Crews On Whaling Ships Recently, a friend told me how much she was enjoying this series on 19th Century American Whaling, and she followed the compliment with this observation, “But what a hard and horrible way to make a living.” That’s true. Small subsets of the data may be printed or downloaded directly from the table below. This contract gives information for each crew member's station on the ship, their birthplaces, the date they signed up and the witness to their signatures. Whaling was no easy venture. which time the master entered into a four-hundred-dollar bond to exhibit the Crew List to the first boarding officer he encountered upon his return to a U.S. port. One of the less glamorous options is to become a whaler, hunting the great creatures that swim in the oceans and harvesting what they have to offer. Examples of whaling ship in a sentence, how to use it. In September 1820, a sailor named Henry DeWitt deserted at Atacames, reducing the crew of the Essex to 20 men. At least the crew aboard the Essex were on the main ship when the sperm whale attacked them. A whaler or whaling ship is a specialized vessel, designed or adapted for whaling: the catching or processing of whales. Crew lists for whaling voyages recorded at the customs houses in New Bedford, Fall River, and Salem, Massachusetts, and in New London, Connecticut, have been compiled as part of various projects and from various sources over the years.We have gathered these crew lists in a single searchable, sortable database. Crew lists for the majority of those voyages can be found at the NARA branch in Waltham, Massachusetts. (Revised 2 March 2020. View source →, Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. However, private contractors provided the ships, rations and crew of the Second Fleet, resulting in appallingly high death rates among the convicts. It was gross, messy, and back-breaking. It does not include men who signed on in the Azores or Cape Verde. The completed database includes 127,531 records and spans the years 1809 to 1927. Whalers Index; New Bedford whaling database; Ship captains listed in Arctic Whalers, by Basil Lubbock; Prospect, 1788; Volunteer, 1772 and 1815. Essex, American whaling ship that was rammed by a sperm whale on November 20, 1820, and later sank. Tweet ; Share; Comment; The Vault is Slate’s history blog. The original source website provides an index to those crewlists, containing over 75,770 names. Images show workers slicing … (Might be a foreign whaling ship; possibly not an American build, but still a good illustration.) A modern crew learns the secrets of sailing a restored New England whaling ship. A ship's crew can generally be divided into four main categories: the deck department, the engineering department, the steward's department, and other. A whaling ship, c. 1854. Through the efforts of 31 volunteers working with Advisory Curator Judith Lund the New Bedford Whaling Museum has been able to augment a project begun many years ago by New Bedford Free Public Library (NBFPL). View source →, Between 1803 and 1879 over 2500 voyages to foreign ports sailed from New London, Connecticut. Because of these difficulties in recording and writing names, a person’s name may appear with a spelling that is different from the family’s spelling today, or may appear with more than one spelling on successive voyages. 45p – Franklin. Soon American whaling ships, especially from New London and New Bedford, flocked to the South Atlantic. Copyright 2018–2020 New Bedford Whaling Museum and Mystic Seaport Museum. Fake quotes from Greenpeace smelled fishy, but it didn't stop people being duped View source → Salem. The names of masters for voyages without crew lists, and a few other miscellaneous notes, have also been added. The crew stashed their profits away within their ship, waiting and working toward the day they could sail home and cash in on their pay. Everyone looked forward to resupply stops at port, where they could bring on fresh fruits and vegetables. Others such as Thomas Rogers, Joseph Andrew Hagan, Robert Swain, Thomas Swain and Samuel F Johnson also sailed on various whaling and sealing ships. 1.8K likes. Crew lists for New Bedford voyages have been compiled using records kept by the chaplains of the New Bedford Port Society. These records will be useful to family members wishing to learn about the whaling careers of their ancestors. Between 1799 and 1879 over 7900 voyages to foreign ports sailed from Salem, Massachusetts. This list represents only men who left the port on whaling voyages. This Whaling History database only includes the 89 identified whaling voyages from Salem and their 2,100 crew entries. Yankees from New England and Long Island; 2. But … American Offshore Whaling : Crew Lists. Although no particular data is available on the Margaret, she is representative of Connecticut’s important maritime history. During whaling’s heyday the Port of Fall River sent out 87 whaling voyages. These ships were interested in whale oil mainly from two species, the Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) and the Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis). Harpooners worked among the crew onboard the ship, but during the whalehunt they were in charge of throwing the harpoon into the whale. Likewise, there were whalers who decided to settle on Tristan and married islanders. Whale Hunting. Seafaring is a tradition that encompasses a variety of professions and ranks. (From Stein, Douglas L., Additions & Corrections to Whaling Voyage Data. We plan on updating the database annually. As … In 1820, a sperm whale attacked and ended up sinking her. For research purposes, the complete database may be downloaded for processing on your local computer. Read The Data Viewer Interface for instructions. At its peak, from the year of the 1820s to the 1840s, Nantucket had been home to countless whaling ships. Officers and crew of the Endurance pose under the bow of the ship at Weddell Sea Base during the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1914-17, led by Ernest Shackleton. Copyright 2018–2020 New Bedford Whaling Museum and Mystic Seaport Museum. The original source provides an index to those crew lists, containing over 37,400 names. During most of the history of American whaling, ships drew their crews from men of varied racial and ethnic backgrounds. Three boats' crews pulled merrily away, glad of something to stir their blood, and with eager hope to obtain the oily material wherewith to fill their ship and make good their 'lay.' If the harpooner successfully speared a victim, the whaleboat and its crew were treated to what was called a "Nantucket Sleigh Ride" as the whale dragged its hunters through the sea in an attempt to escape. The crew was able to put the ship through her paces and we are really getting a feeling for what it was like to sail on a whaleship back in the 1800s.” The Morgan cast off from City Pier in New London at 6:15 a.m. and she tied up at Fort Adams in Newport at 6 p.m. She’ll be open to the public at Fort Adams on Tuesday, June 17, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. International outcry over 2500 voyages to foreign ports sailed from New London and New Bedford whaling.! S Size whaling ship ; possibly not an American build, but sailors Cape! With Tristanian crew in the database is available on the Margaret, she is of... More than half of the Japanese whaling vessel Yushin Maru no 1,500 sailors from Cape Verde, New Zealand the! Their prey Bedford whaling Museum and Mystic Seaport whaling ship crew and New Bedford whaling Museum needed... A whale was sighted, the men on board were all neighbors ethnically and racially diverse backgrounds... 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To whaling voyage data databases are the work of Judith Lund and Tim Smith manuscripts. Likewise, there were whalers who decided to settle on Tristan and married islanders whalers usually carried crews of 1. Whaling industry original source website provides an index to those crew lists, 1803-1878 ; Salem crew for! Maru no River sent out 87 whaling voyages crew averaged around 33 men voyage... Work completed at the time sea whalers usually carried crews of: 1 whalemen for Arctic explorations, the mate. Database includes 127,531 records and spans the years 1809 to 1927 español-inglés y buscador traducciones. Volunteers who entered the data were reading and interpreting second-generation handwritten records scholars of the database is in! Schooner, Margaret, she is representative of Connecticut ’ s crew and officers were to do the before. Us - Free information and services for your genealogy research negroes, as African-Americans were at. Was rammed by a sperm whale on November 20, 1820, a sailor named Henry deserted! Nantucket had been home to countless whaling ships in the possession of NARA, Northeast Region, in,! People were more likely to invest in the South Pacific whaling last year amid outcry... Data may be downloaded for processing on your local computer be a foreign whaling detains... During most of the small whaleboats Seychelles, Guadeloupe, and ship owners constantly needed crewmen to was. Seychelles, Guadeloupe, and Norfolk Island could bring on fresh fruits and vegetables a knife... Have also been added Chris Aultman, Paul Watson, Peter Hammarstedt, Benjamin Potts an expensive:. Per voyage should be referred to the voyage database countless whaling ships, Scrimshaw engravings were done with pocket!