The region evolved into an important port on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, and the cities of Hanyang, Hankou and Wuchang were united into the city of Wuhan in 1926. We must still be prepared to do battle against and overcome similarly severe floods that may occur in the future. The Three Gorges Dam is located within its administrative area, in Yiling District. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Nov. 11, 2020. But, historically, the river is also considered as one of the violent and vicious rivers in the world. The discharge in the 1998 flood was also high, only a little smaller than the catastrophic 1954 Yangtze River flood. This article offers a critical reappraisal of the Maoist state's response to the 1954 Yangzi floods. Hubei is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the Central China region. The YangtzeRiver, which is 6,380 km (3,964 mi) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world. Increases in the region’s population led to efforts to control the river. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. During the catastrophic Yangtze floods of 1998, which killed 4,000 and ruined 7 million homes, heavy rain triggered floods in upstream areas as well. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. The city of Wuhan, the capital city of Hubei province, China, has a long and rich history that dates back over 3,500 years. It lies in the eastern Jianghan Plain on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River's intersection with the Han river. Ultimately it aims to channel 44.8 billion cubic meters of fresh water annually from the Yangtze River in southern China to the more arid and industrialized north through three canal systems: Shennong Stream is a left tributary of the Yangtze River, located in the Hubei Province of central China. The bridges and tunnels across the Yangtze River carry rail and road traffic across China's longest and largest river and form a vital part of the country's transportation infrastructure. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. Because it was located within a flooding area related to the Three Gorges Dam Project and considered an important historical landmark for Three Gorges shipping history, the monument was moved to higher ground and restored between June 28, 2002 and January 18, 2003. Wuhan is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China. It drains one-fifth of the land area of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its river basin is home to nearly one-third of the country's population. Antonyms for 1954 Yangtze river flood. Corrections? In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Arising out of the conglomeration of three cities, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as 'China's Thoroughfare'; it is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city and connecting to other major cities. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/Yangtze-River-floods. The provincial capital is Wuhan, a major transportation thoroughfare and the political, cultural, and economic hub of Central China. It stands north of the Han and Yangtze Rivers where the Han flows into the Yangtze. The Yangtze River, the longest river in Asia, also is one of the world’s major waterways. The Wuhan Yangtze Great Bridge, commonly known as Wuhan First Yangtze Bridge, is a double-deck road and rail bridge across the Yangtze River in Wuhan, in Central China. This irrigation system helped provide a stable farming for China. The water level at peak was higher in the middle reaches although the flood discharge was less than in 1954. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. It comes as no sur… In 1969, a large stone monument was erected in the riverside park in Hankou (City of Wuhan, Hubei) honoring the heroic deeds in fighting the 1954 flood. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. Among the most recent major flood events are those of 1870, 1931, 1954, 1998, and 2010. View on timesmachine. Major catastrophic floods occurring over the last century include events in 1911, 1931, 1935 and 1954, which have claimed the lives of over 300,000 people. 1954 Yangtze River Floods “ From June to September 1954 , the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The monument was originally located at Big Temple Hill in Xintan. Despite efforts to open three important flood gates to alleviate the rising water by diverting it, the flood level continued to rise until it hit the historic high of 44.67 m (146.6 ft) in Jingzhou, Hubei and 29.73 m (97.5 ft) in Wuhan. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) The Three Gorges Dam has been the world's largest power station in terms of installed capacity (22,500 MW) since 2012. The Yellow River or Huang He is the second longest river in China, after the Yangtze River, and the sixth longest river system in the world at the estimated length of 5,464 km (3,395 mi). The Great Jinjiang Levee, completed in 1548, was one of many barriers constructed, and by the late 19th century the Yangtze could drain through only four openings on the south side of the river. Define 1954 Yangtze river flood. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. The Qing River is a right (southern) tributary of the Yangtze River in Hubei province of south-central China. Worse, another 100,000 were murdered by starving marauders. Compared to the 1998 Yangtze River Floods, this flooding was more severe in terms of total flow of water, but less in terms of the highest level that the flood water reached. From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Events in the year 1957 in China. This project was funded by Zigui County Office of Immigration and managed by Qu-Yuan Township Government. Estimates of the total death toll range from 422,499 to between 3.7 million and 4 million. The Zhicheng Yangtze River Bridge is a road-rail truss bridge across the Yangtze River at Zhicheng, Hubei Province in central China. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism. Statistical analysis indicates that the annual mean discharge of the three stations has slightly decreased over the last century (Fig. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Floods of note include those of 1931, 1954, and 1998. He was the first Upper Yangtze River Inspector of Chinese Maritime Customs Service, the first to command a merchant steamer plying on the Upper Yangtze River (1900), and the first to command regular Upper Yangtze commercial steamship service for the Chinese firm, Sichuan Steam Navigation Company. This is probably a result of the intense logging on the banks of the upper reach of Yangtze River during the later part of the 20th century. On September 6, 1911, the Yangtze River flood was one of the deadliest disasters China has ever experienced. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Construction started on December 30, 1970 and ended on December 10, 1988. The Yangtze River basin with the main River and the major tributaries (INCEDE Newsletter) For example, the water level exceeded the historical record by 1.74 m in Jianli, and 1.85 m in Lianhuatang. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. 4). The floods large enough to overflow the dikes have caused great distress to those who live and farm there. Among the carvings on the monument is a calligraphic inscription by Mao Zedong, dedicated to the people of Wuhan: Below, is his poem "Swimming"(1956), envisioning future bridge and dam construction on the Yangtze. THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: Approved For Release 2003/06/04: CIA-RDP80R01443R000300010011-7 MEMORANDUM FOR: Director of Central Intelligence SUBJECT The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster 1. Shen Congwen romanized as Shen Ts'ung-wen, is considered to be one of the greatest modern Chinese writers, on par with Lu Xun.Regional culture and identity plays a much bigger role in his writing than that of other major early modern Chinese writers, he was known for combining the vernacular style with classical Chinese writing techniques. Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. Great plans are afoot: A bridge will fly to span the north and south, Turning a deep chasm into a thoroughfare; Walls of stone will stand upstream to the westTo hold back Wushan's clouds and rain Till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorgesThe mountain goddess if she is still there Will marvel at a world so changed.". 5 synonyms for Yangtze River: Chang, Chang Jiang, Changjiang, Yangtze, Yangtze Kiang. The flood of 1931 covered more than 30,000 square miles (77,700 square km)—including the cities of Nanjing and Wuhan—killed more than 300,000 people, and left 40,000,000 more homeless. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. 3). The climate on the river is often milder then its cousin the Yellow River making it more suitable for agriculture. Yangtze River floods, floods of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in central and eastern China that have occurred periodically and often have caused considerable destruction of property and loss of life. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707, 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up area comprising the two urban districts. 4). On August 18, 1931, the Yangtze River in China peaks during a horrible flood that kills 3.7 million people directly and indirectly over the next several months. The Yellow River basin has an east–west extent of about 1,900 kilometers (1,180 mi) and a north–south extent of about 1,100 km (680 mi). Yichang is a prefecture-level city located in western Hubei province, China. The Gezhouba Dam or Gezhouba Water Control Project on the Yangtze River is located in the western suburbs of Yichang City in central China's Hubei province. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Each of these floods followed El Niño events that influence the Asian monsoon and that are directly linked to rainfall in the Changjiang (Yangtze River) basin. The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. The 1998 flood resulted in higher peak stages in the middle and lower reaches than the 1954 flood, the largest flood in the last century. The dam proved effective during the extraordinarily rainy summer of 2010 by holding back much of the resultant floodwaters and thus minimizing the impact of flooding downstream. Yangtze river flood (1954) The Yangtze River is the largest river in Asia and the third largest in the World, and also accounted for nearly 20% of China’s GDP. It is operated by China Yangtze Power and is currently the third-largest power station with the fourth-tallest dam in the world. In addition, many of the lakes that had once acted as flood control either were cut off from the river by levees or were converted into cropland. The Banqiao Reservoir Dam is a dam on the River Ru in Zhumadian City, Henan province, China. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. On the sides of the monument's pedestal are reliefs depicting heroic people of Wuhan fighting the flood, raising banners and placards with quotations from Mao Zedong. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word 1954 yangtze river flood: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "1954 yangtze river flood… 1954 Yangtze River Floods From June to September of 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Qinghai province of Western China, it flows through nine provinces, and it empties into the Bohai Sea near the city of Dongying in Shandong province. EMBED. At its completion in 1957, the bridge was the easternmost crossing of the Yangtze, and was often referred to as the "First Bridge of the Yangtze". Subsequently, more-effective levees were built, but the floods of 1954 and 1998 were still highly destructive and killed some 30,000 and 3,650 people, respectively. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Hankou(Chinese: t 漢口,s 汉口,p Hànkǒu), formerly romanized as Hankow (Hangkow), was one of the three cities whose merging formed modern-day Wuhan municipality, the capital of the Hubei province, China. Third, the construction of levees has caused flood levels to rise due to restricted flood discharge capacity. the upper course of the Yangtze in China. It was the second largest flood to hit the region, reaching a height of 9.4 metres in Rockhampton on February 19, 1954. It is not to be confused with the Chinese white dolphin or the finless porpoise. Title: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Subject: THE 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Keywords: NO CHANGE GLASS. Partly as a result of this flood, the pressure to build new dams, the Gezhouba Dam and the Three Gorges Dam, in the upper reach of Yangtze river, gained considerable momentum. 4-1954 Yangtze flood(Chinese Edition) [BU XIANG] on Amazon.com. The river is the longest in the world to flow entirely within one country. This paper compares the 1998 and 1954 floods in the Yangtze River. This flooding is certainly not the first of its kind: the Yangtze River basin experiences large floods about every 10 years, each causing suffering and extreme damage to the economy and environment. The Three Gorges Dam is a hydroelectric gravity dam that spans the Yangtze River by the town of Sandouping, in Yiling District, Yichang, Hubei province, China. Noun 1. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 13,860 MW. The baiji is a functionally extinct species of freshwater dolphin formerly found only in the Yangtze River in China. The name of the province means "north of the lake", referring to its position north of Dongting Lake. The 1954 floods today remain the largest and most devastating to ever hit many communities on the New South Wales north coast. Due to unusually high volume of as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. In 1954, a series of deadly floods hit the Hubei province of central China.These floods were significant for many important reasons. Large urban centers along the river such as Chongqing, Wuhan, and Nanjing also have urban mass transit rail lines crossing the Yangtze. The South–North Water Transfer Project, also translated as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a multi-decade infrastructure mega-project in the People's Republic of China. From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. Yangtze reach and 5.65×10 4 m3 s-1 in the middle Yangtze; and in 1954, 4.95×10 4m 3s-1 was recorded in the upper reaches, 6.65×10 m s-1 in the middle and 8.42×10 4 m3 s-1 in the lower reaches ( Fig. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze River valley. 1954 YANGTZE RIVER FLOOD DISASTER Item Preview remove-circle Share or Embed This Item. Yangtze River became an important part of the economy since the Han Dynasty. It was regarded as the goddess of protection by local fishermen and boatmen in China. Cif y.^Y 3" TS S 0 A'1Ct is -;-i 70.2 Director of Central Intelligence The 1954 Yangtze River Flood Disaster Unprecedented rainfall in the Yangtze valley this 25X1 spring and suer--19 inches in June alone--has caused one of the worst floods of the century in the Yangtze … From June to September 1954, the Yangtze River Floods were a series of catastrophic floodings that occurred mostly in Hubei Province. One of the major objectives of the Three Gorges Dam project was to alleviate flooding on the lower Yangtze. Hankou is connected by bridges to its triplet sister towns Hanyang and Wuchang. The river bisects China proper from west to east, and every major north-south bound highway and railway must cross the Yangtze. Due to unusually high volume of precipitation as well as an extraordinarily long rainy season in the middle stretch of the Yangtze River late in the spring of 1954, the river started to rise above its usual level in around late June. 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