The tension may be rooted in a power shift arising from the dramatic increase in oil production which has occurred since 1997. Bantu migrations started probably around 2,000 BC from between south-east Nigeria and north-west Cameroon (the Grassfields). Brigadier Felipe José, Count of Arjelejos sailed from Uruguay to formally take possession of Bioko from Portugal, landing on the island on 21 October 1778. Corisco and the two Elobey islands are in Corisco Bay, on the border of Río Muni and Gabon. [83], Equatorial Guinea currently has no UNESCO World Heritage Site or tentative sites for the World Heritage List. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sports in Equatorial Guinea: Subcategories. [83], The Equatorial Guinea government has partnered with Hess Corporation and The Academy for Educational Development (AED) to establish a $20 million education program for primary school teachers to teach modern child development techniques. Equatorial Guinea lies between latitudes 4°N and 2°S, and longitudes 5° and 12°E. [101][102][103] It also recognises long historical ties with Portugal, and with Portuguese-speaking peoples of Brazil, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Cape Verde. In return the USSR was to supply fish to Equatorial Guinea. There were more than 42,000 internet users by December 2011. ADEPTS CREATIVE INDUSTRIES is raising funds for THE BEAD GAME: Play to gain a new kind of gaming experience on Kickstarter! It focuses in one of Equatorial Guinea's most translated writers Juan Tomás Ávila Laurel. Annobón Island is about 350 kilometers (220 mi) west-south-west of Cape Lopez in Gabon. In 2006, US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice hailed Obiang as a "good friend" despite repeated criticism of his human rights and civil liberties record. Simon Mann was released from prison on 3 November 2009 for humanitarian reasons. Rio Muni also includes several small offshore islands, such as Corisco, Elobey Grande, and Elobey Chico. Other than Christianity, a small minority of Equatorial Guinea’s citizens (about two percent) are followers of Islam, particularly the Sunni denomination. In September 1936 Nationalist forces backed by Falangists from Fernando Pó, similarly to what happened in Spain proper took control of Río Muni, which under Governor-General Luiz Sanchez Guerra Saez and his deputy Porcel had backed the Republican government. equatorial-guinea. The Fernandinos proved to become effective traders and middlemen between the natives and Europeans. The 1982 constitution of Equatorial Guinea gives him extensive powers, including naming and dismissing members of the cabinet, making laws by decree, dissolving the Chamber of Representatives, negotiating and ratifying treaties and serving as commander in chief of the armed forces. Fernando Pó and Annobón were colonized by Portugal in 1474. The watchdog says the national broadcaster obeys the orders of the information ministry. [47], The nephew of Macías Nguema, Teodoro Obiang deposed his uncle on 3 August 1979, in a bloody coup d'état; over two weeks of civil war ensued until Nguema was captured. 67.6% of Equatorial Guineans can speak it, especially those living in the capital, Malabo. This category has the following 17 subcategories, out of 17 total. [citation needed], The opening years of the twentieth century saw a new generation of Spanish immigrants. In 2011, the government announced it was planning a new capital for the country, named Oyala. Equatorial Guinea - Equatorial Guinea - Cultural life: Despite a veneer of Spanish culture and of Roman Catholic religion that is thicker in Bioko than on the mainland, many Equatorial Guineans live according to ancient customs, which have undergone a revival since independence. 1990, Des derniers chasseurs aux premiers métallurgistes : sédentarisation et débuts de la métallurgie du fer (Cameroun, Gabon, Guinée-Equatoriale). There were garrisons of the colonial guard throughout the enclave by 1926, and the whole colony was considered 'pacified' by 1929. The Fang constitute 80% of the population[94] and comprise around 67 clans. Indigenous languages include Fang, Bube, Benga, Ndowe, Balengue, Bujeba, Bissio, Gumu, Igbo, Pichinglis, Fa d'Ambô and the nearly extinct Baseke. A quarter of the entire population had fled abroad, they said, while 'the prisons are overflowing and to all intents and purposes form one vast concentration camp'. Catholic penetration was furthered by two small insurrections in 1898 and 1910 protesting conscription of forced labour for the plantations. The Cross-Sanaga-Bioko coastal forests ecoregion covers most of Bioko and the adjacent portions of Cameroon and Nigeria on the African mainland, and the Mount Cameroon and Bioko montane forests ecoregion covers the highlands of Bioko and nearby Mount Cameroon. In addition to that, he firmly stated that he was not affiliated with any political party. [citation needed], With Liberian workers no longer available, planters of Fernando Po turned to Rio Muni. For the USSR, there was an advantage to be gained in the War in Angola from access to Luba base and later on to Malabo International Airport. [31], Between 1926 and 1959 Bioko and Rio Muni were united as the colony of Spanish Guinea. [100] The Annobonese ethnic community tried to gain membership in the Community of Portuguese Language Countries (CPLP). The country was also chosen to host the 2008 Women's African Football Championship, which they won. [115], In June 1984, the First Hispanic-African Cultural Congress was convened to explore the cultural identity of Equatorial Guinea. [82], Before independence Equatorial Guinea exported cocoa, coffee and timber, mostly to its colonial ruler, Spain, but also to Germany and the UK. Due to historical and cultural ties, in 2010 the legislature amended article four of the Constitution of Equatorial Guinea, to establish Portuguese as an official language of the Republic. The cuisine of Equatorial Guinea is one that is influenced by both the Spanish and the native tribespeople. Madrid only partly backed the explorations of men like Manuel Iradier who had signed treaties in the interior as far as Gabon and Cameroon, leaving much of the land out of 'effective occupation' as demanded by the terms of the 1885 Berlin Conference. & Maley (J. Yes, people eat the flesh of wild animals that populate the rainforest, such as monkeys, rodents, birds but also bats, antelopes or even snake or elephant. BBC World Service, Radio France Internationale and Gabon-based Africa No 1 broadcast on FM in Malabo. Rain or mist occurs daily on Annobón, where a cloudless day has never been registered. It'd be great if someone sent me some pictures of them, since I need them for a project. Also what are some traditional clothing items worn in Guinea, specifically by the Fula people? At such informal gatherings, several different activities can coincide. Analogue gaming station with expansions of high quality board game prints. The remaining 5% practise Animism, Baháʼí, and other beliefs. According to the Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations (2002) 7% of Bioko islanders were Igbo, an ethnic group from southeastern Nigeria. [38], Independence from Spain was gained on 12 October 1968 and the region became the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (the date is celebrated as the country's Independence Day[39]). MPP coordinator Enrique Nsolo Nzo was arrested and official state media portrayed him as planning to destabilize the country and depose the president. [23] Without Spanish permission, the British moved the headquarters of the Mixed Commission for the Suppression of Slave Traffic to Fernando Pó in 1827, before moving it back to Sierra Leone under an agreement with Spain in 1843. [4] Portuguese was also adopted as an official language in 2010. The Gendarmerie is a new branch of the service in which training and education is being supported by the French Military Cooperation in Equatorial Guinea. In addition, the country was told it must adopt political reforms allowing effective democracy and respect for human rights. Tourist attractions are the colonial quarter in Malabo, the southern part of the island Bioko where you can hike to the Iladyi cascades and to remote beaches to watch nesting turtles, Bata with its shoreline Paseo Maritimo and the tower of liberty, Mongomo with its basilica (the second largest Catholic church in Africa) and the new planned and built capital Ciudad de la Paz. [45], The shipping agreement gave the Soviets permission for a pilot fishery development project and also a naval base at Luba. [45], In 1974 the World Council of Churches affirmed that large numbers of people had been murdered since 1968 in an ongoing reign of terror. [49] President Teodoro Obiang is widely suspected of using the country's oil wealth to enrich himself[50] and his associates. People may decide to play card games or listen to the radio together. Its oil production has risen to 360,000 barrels per day (57,000 m3/d), up from 220,000 only two years earlier. Most of the media companies practice self-censorship, and are banned by law from criticising public figures. In 1940, an estimated 20% of the colony's cocoa production came from African-owned land, nearly all of it was in the hands of Fernandinos. Equatorial Guinea ranks at position 161 out of 179 countries in the 2012 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index. In the towns he had instead presented himself as the urbane leader who had bested the Spanish at the UN, and he had won in the second round of voting – greatly helped by the vote-splitting of his rivals. [109], The principal religion in Equatorial Guinea is Christianity, the faith of 93% of the population. Equatorial Guinea is famous for the swimmers Eric Moussambani, nicknamed "Eric the Eel",[124] and Paula Barila Bolopa, "Paula the Crawler", who had astoundingly slow times at the 2000 Summer Olympics. Israelis and Moroccans also live and work here. Papua New Guinea Festivals: Enga Show. The Sierra Leoneans were particularly well placed as planters while labor recruitment on the Windward coast continued, for they kept family and other connections there and could easily arrange a supply of labor. Obiang answered he refused to step aside because the new constitution was not retroactive and the two- term limit would only become applicable from 2016. [25], In 1844, the British returned the island to Spanish control and the area became known as the "Territorios Españoles del Golfo de Guinea." Decree N°45/2020 dated June 15 th, 2020 has eased the sanitary emergency and the confinement measures adopted to fight against Covid-19 in Equatorial Guinea.Here is what you need to know. [95] Equatorial Guinea received Asians and native Africans from other countries as workers on cocoa and coffee plantations. 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