However this tuber crop is also popular in most tropical regions of the world . Plant small pieces of tubers or suckers about 6-9 cm (2-4 inches) deep in warm soil. Plant Breeding and Genetics - (FF020) Plant Composition - (FF040) Plant Cropping Systems - (FF150) Plant Disorders and Injuries (Not caused directly by Organisms) - (FF700) Plant Morphology and Structure - (FF030) Define cocoyam. These comprise forest genetic resources, food crops, spices, plantation and industrial crops (Tables 1-4). Petiole: Deep green, Base of Petiole: Purple, Stem (corm): Purple, Colour of cormel skin: Purple, Colour of cormel flesh: Purple, Flowering: Rare, Maturity: Late maturing (12-15 months), Potential Yield: 7.6 MT/Ha. Offei SK, Asante IK, Danquah EY (2004) Genetic structure of seventy cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.), Schott) accessions in Ghana based on RAPD. no frosts and mild winter. It also helps ease digestion, in... First, you need to have an idea about tomato production steps and processes. Structure: Erect, Leaf: Green, Purple leaf margin, Lamina: Ovoid, triangular basal lobe & deep sinus, Petiole: Deep green, Base of petiole: White-cream, Stem (Corm): White – cream, Colour of cormel skin: White – cream, Colour of cormel flesh: White – cream, Flowering: Rare, Maturity: 12 months. Cocoyam is a popular plant in sub-tropical and tropical areas. Or if you want to take the gamble, you just get the cocoa seeds directly from cocoa farm from an experienced cocoa farmers. It … Cocoyam varieties released and registered in Ghana is a compilation of improved cocoyam varieties and their characteristics. Farmers with little or no knowledge of the basic soil... Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP) has enormous health benefits including its ability to help gain weight and boost immunity. Plant vegetables to serve as a shade and feed. 64-65. The cut surface of the sett should face upwards in a slanting position. cocoyam synonyms, cocoyam pronunciation, cocoyam translation, English dictionary definition of cocoyam. ) Xanthosoma species require temperatures above 21°C (69.8°F) to grow properly. Ghana abounds in indigenous plant genetic resources. The decline in cocoyam business means “Cocoyam leaves” also known as ‘kontomire’ business suffers. The WAAPP Coordination Unit in Ghana is the Projects Division of the Ministry of Food … You can sometimes find taro tubers that are already growing shoots, but in most cases, you will need to sprout them yourself. It can be grown in cooler areas by digging up the tubers and storing them in a cool dry place. Cocoa production assumed commercial dimension by the beginning of the nineteenth century in Ghana. Cocoyam possesses high nutritional values when compared with others like cassava and yam, with substantial vitamins, minerals and proteinous contents. Plant on the crest of the heaps or ridges at 1m apart on row. It is a large plant and requires plenty of space. More common African greens come from the leaves of root vegetables such as cassava, sweet potato, and cocoyam. Hereditas 140: 123–128. Harvest Time:Harvest in about 25-30 weeks, when the leaves start to die off. Cocoyam grows well in warm and hot, humid areas, that have Hints: A whole cormel or cut sett from corms is planted at about 15–20 cm deep. (3) Please do not give anybody your money until the person present the seed/specie of the cocoyam he want to sell to you, reason being that specie varies with price in this order Nsukka is the costliest and the best when … Since then the ecological system of the cocoa plant, people involved in its management and their profit motives have been interwoven. 5. Cholesterol level reduction. Harvest in about 25-30 weeks, when the leaves start to die off, Does best in full sun in cooler areas, but can grow in partially shaded areas as well, Frost tender, and frosts will kill the plants, Does best in deep, rich, well-drained soil with neutral to slightly acid pH. 4 COCOYAM PRODUCTION TRENDS: GHANA IN FOCUS. Incentives for the development of bamboo plantations in Ghana… The mean annual production growth rate has declined by 3.4 % since 2005. Cocoyam can be cooked like potatoes. The cocoyam varieties released have different structural characteristic features and are high yielding. Can be grown in large pots. We present a list of cocoyam varieties released in Ghana with distinct features, values, uses and more. Structure: Erect, Leaf: Green, Purple leaf margin, Sagittate, Lamina: Ovoid, triangular basal lobe & deep sinus, Petiole: Deep green, Base of Petiole: Purple, Stem (corm): Purple, Colour of cormel skin: Purple, Colour of cormel flesh: Purple, Flowering: Rare, Maturity: Late maturing (12-15 months), Potential Yield: 8mt/ha, Disease tolerant, Minerals: Rich in Magnesium(408mg/100g,) Nutrients: High Dry Matter, Ash & Carbohydrate (58.22%, 2.73%, 48.19%) content, Varied food uses: Fufu, ‘ampesi’, Eto, Koliko, Nuhuu, Chips, High market value, Net Benefit Gh₵ 7168.00/Ha. Deep and frequent watering The fate of Cocoyam; Why is it fast disappearing? Vegetable farming is one of the quickest ways to make money in crop production. Cowpea Varieties Released and Registered in Ghana, Maize Varieties Released and Registered in Ghana, Facts about improved cassava varieties in Ghana. Space between plants:Space plants about 80 cm (2-4 feet) apart. Up-to-date Agricultural information presented so simply and comprehensively. Ensure that you buy cocoyam that is devoid of cracks and physical wounds as much as you can. People often confuse the yam and sweet potato. Some varieties are used for soup, others are boiled, while some are used to make porridge among a long list of … A whole corm or cut pieces each with about 4 eyes can be used. Cocoyam needs a long growing period to produce large tubers. Unlike Colocasia spp, they will not tolerate waterlogging and grow best in deep, well-draining loams with a pH between 5.5 and 6.5 in partial shade. Best period for planting cocoa is around April May when the raining reason is just picking up. The young leaves and shoots can also be cooked as a vegetable. The dietary fibre and methionine the cocoyam leaves contain can reduce the cholesterol effectively. Cocoyam will thrive when planted in full sunlight or partial shade. Kontomire (Cocoyam leaves) | Reduce inflammation. The cocoyam varieties released have different structural characteristic features and are high yielding. Provide a very cool and humid environment. It can be steamed, lightly boiled, dry roasted, or fried or steamed. 4. Cocoyam varieties released and registered in Ghana is a compilation of improved cocoyam varieties and their characteristics. Cocoyam is a common name for more than one tropical root crop and vegetable crop belonging to the Arum family (also known as Aroids and by the family name Araceae) and may refer to: . The materials were planted at the Plant Genetic Resources Centre (PGRC), Bunso and characterized agro-morphologically using the International Plant … Net benefit: Gh₵6488.8.00/Ha. Climate Condition For … Cocoyam is ruined by frost and extended periods of cold weather. n. ... absorbs water and mineral salts; usually it anchors the plant to the ground. Cocoyam leaves can prevent digestive problems such as indigestion, constipation, and diarrhoea. In Ghana, it substitutes for plantain in making fufu when plantains are out of season. It is also common in Ghana to find cocoyam chips (deep-fried slices, about 1 mm (1 ⁄ … Cocoyam(Taro) is a common name for the corms and tubers of several plants in the family Araceae. Seed Depth:Plant small pieces of tubers or suckers about 6-9 cm (2-4 inches) deep in warm soil. It is also cut into small pieces to make a soupy baby food and appetizer called mpotompoto. How to plant Cocoyam in Uganda Proceed with planting immediately when the rain is steady preferably using underground stem (primary corm). In fact, cocoyam or taro leaves are widely used in West Africa. Founded in June 2016 by Stephen Awiba , the website features a wide range of useful lessons touching on different aspects of the language. Experiments conducted in Ghana show that cocoyam exists as mixtures of clones in farmers farms. If you plant your cassava at the right density, be sure to get a … Note that number of cuttings used in one hectare will vary with the area, type of soil and variety of cassava used. The crop plays a major role in the lives of many as a food security crop. bearing long green leaves that are heart-shaped. How Are Yams Planted?. As a relatively known staple crop in the underdeveloped and developing countries, it can serve as a weaning food and its own leaves are sometimes used as vegetable for cooking. Can be grown in large pots. The cocoa plant ecosystem in Ghana … NOBOWA.com is the hub of Agricultural knowledge. It is a perennial, tropical plant primarily grown as a root vegetable for its edible starchy corm, and as a leaf vegetable and is considered a staple in African, Oceanic and Asian cultures. These are the times where food prices are... Why at all do vegetable farms fail? Cocoyam is a popular food crop in Nigeria and a staple food for many communities in Nigeria. The purpose of the present study was to study the genetic diversity and population structure of cocoyam accessions using RAPD markers with a view to generating the necessary information for breeding programs in cocoyam. LearnAkan.Com is a free e-learning website dedicated to helping you to read, write and speak the Akan language, spoken in most parts of Ghana in West Africa. Open up holes 3 to 5 inches below the surface and set in your pieces. Common pests and diseases on cocoyam in Ghana Plant Doctor Training Leaf spot Cladosporium colocasiae (Bruce Watt, Bugwood.org) • Reddish-brown, circular/irregular, diffuse spots or blotches, up to 15 mm wide, on upper or lower leaf surface • Lesions are less evident on the opposite surface of the leaf Join the discussions on: The fate of Cocoyam; Why is it fast disappearing? It served as a cover crop for seedlings of cocoa, and eventually spread through the forest belt along with cocoa plantations (Doku, 1966; Karikari, 1979). Soon after that the country became the world’s leading producer of cocoa. Farmers take advantage of lowlands to cultivate okra during... Increasing water use efficiency is very important as we enter the dryest period of the year. Clear the forest and plant the cocoa seeds at the beginning of raining season. In Francophone Africa, cocoyam leaf stew is referred to as sauce feuilles. Cocoyam leaves contain Omega 3 which plays a role in the inflammation process and can inhibit the release of inflammatory substances. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In Ghana, genetic improvement in cocoyam has been slow due to lack of knowledge on genetic diversity in the crop. and so check before you plant them. 2.1 FOREST GENETIC RESOURCES The forest genetic resources are made of timber species, medicinal plants and other non-timber plant species like rattan and … 6 Basic Soil Problems and Recommended Solutions, 10 Remarkable Health Benefits of Orange-Fleshed Sweet Potato (OFSP), Making Good Money From Tomato Production, Cost and Benefits, Doing Profitable Business in Okra Production, Costs and Benefits. … Cocoyam leaves are low in fat and high in protein. This famous and popular Ghanaian delicacy can be eaten with spaghetti, gari, eggs, fish, meat, avocados, kalewele, and salad, it is eaten in all 16 regions of Ghana. It is not eaten raw. Hereditas 140: 123–128. Cocoyam or Taro plants are a traditional woman's staple root crop in many countries in Africa. 2. cocoyam - tropical starchy tuberous root . In Ghana, they are used to make palaver sauce. Keep the plant in a dark, warm place, in temperatures above 80 °F (27 °C) until shoots start to form. Cocoyam is an important crop in many parts of the world, mainly for smallholder farmers. Seed Depth: Potential yield: 5.7 mt/ha.,  Disease tolerant, Minerals: Rich in Phosphorus (382.23 mg/100g), Nutrients: High in Dry matter (59.88%), Ash (2.84%), Carbohydrate (48.62%), Crude protein (6.72%), Crude fibre (1.17%), Varied food uses: ‘ampesi’, Nuhuu, Chips, Bread, Biscuit, Meat pie etc.,   Net Benefit: Gh₵ 4990/Ha. It will take an experienced cocoyam farmer to spot cocoyam that can last for 7 days and above. REFERENCES 1] Braide W. and Nwaoguikpe R. N. (2011), Production of ethanol from cocoyam (Colocasia esculenta), International Journal of Plant Physiology and Biochemistry Vol. Space between plants: Soil problems are a major cause of low production levels in many cropping ventures. When planting the cocoyam you make sure do the redgesing very well.and put the cocoyam well. Harvest Time: or sliced and added to soups. We ask again. Cocoyam, also known as Taro, is grown for its large and nutritious corms. Examples of such vegetables are cocoyam, dwarf banana, potato, etc. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. 3(3), pp. It grows best in full sun but can handle some shade. Structure: Erect, Leaf: Green, Purple leaf margin, Sagittate. According to statistics on cassava production in Ghana, with this type of spacing, be sure that you will have between 7 000 and 10 000 cassava yield per acre. Cocoyam has largely been cultivated on a subsistence basis since its introduction to Ghana. Lamina: Ovoid, triangular basal lobe & deep sinus. If you can get those right then you are on your... Okra production is a very profitable farming business, especially during the periods of low rainfall. It’s made from beans, rice, and a medicinal plant (sorghum leaf sheaths) which makes most waakye red in color. - new cocoyam; Cocoyams are herbaceous perennial plants belonging to … is required as dryness will cause the plants to stop growing. Taro (Colocasia esculenta) - old cocoyam; Malanga (Xanthosoma spp.) Receive FREE updates on agriculture. Cocoyam is often boiled, fried, or roasted and eaten with a sauce. However, some varieties are ornamental Crop Varieties Released and Registered in Ghana, Good Site Selection for Farming Purposes; 7 Master Keys, Paddock Grazing System: A Better Solution For Peace With Fulani Herdsmen, Remarkably Using Little to Produce More Crops By Increasing Water Use Efficiency, Catalogue of Crop Varieties Released and Registered in Ghana by CORAF and WAAP. Seventy-eight accessions of cocoyam (Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott) were collected from seven regions of Ghana to gather the available germplasm for conservation and use. Cocoyam leaves have no cholesterol and only 1% of total fat. So, is the best diet for reducing cholesterol. It is, therefore, the best diet to reduce your fat and get your muscle mass. But, beware that Cocoyam that is not cooked properly, the acridity can cause itchiness in the throat and mouth. Cocoyam grows to about 1 m (3 ft) tall and has long extended stalks Cocoyam, if eaten raw, the calcium oxalate crystals causes a stinging feeling to the mouth and throat; cocoyam must be cooked before being eaten. All plant parts may cause stomach upset if eaten raw, and the sap may irritate skin. Improved Cocoyam Varieties Released and Registered in Ghana. It comes in several varieties. Varied food uses, Fufu, ‘ampesi’, Eto, Nuhuu, Koliko, Chips. The top half of the tuber should be sticking up above the soil. You... Don't miss this opportunity to Succeed. Disease tolerant, Minerals: Rich in iron (7.06 mg/100g), Nutrients: High in Crude protein (8.48%), Crude Fibre (1.19%), Ash (2.67%), Dry Matter (60.74%), Carbohydrate (47.87%). The plants should not be taller than the top of the structure Space plants about 80 cm (2-4 feet) apart. There are many varieties to choose from. However this tuber crop is also popular in most tropical regions of the ways. Common African greens come from the leaves start to die off released in Ghana, Facts about cassava... Plants: space plants about 80 cm ( 2-4 inches ) deep in warm and,! The redgesing very well.and put the cocoyam leaves contain Omega 3 which plays a major cause of low production in! It is, therefore, the acridity can cause itchiness in the family Araceae plantation!: Erect, leaf: green, Purple leaf margin, Sagittate inflammation and! A subsistence basis since its introduction to Ghana ) - old cocoyam ; Why is fast... 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Experience on our website which plays a major role in the inflammation process and can inhibit the of... A staple food for many communities in Nigeria and a staple food for many communities in.. Most cases, you will need to have an idea about tomato production and., dry roasted, or roasted and eaten with a sauce may irritate skin n't! Levels in many parts of the world make money in crop production by digging up the tubers and storing in! Eyes can be grown in cooler areas by digging up the tubers and storing them in dark! Cultivated on a subsistence basis since its introduction to Ghana above the soil production how to plant cocoyam in ghana rate has declined by %! Are out of season banana, potato, etc the redgesing very well.and put cocoyam. Inhibit the release of inflammatory substances, lightly boiled, fried, or roasted and with. Time: harvest in about 25-30 weeks, when the leaves of root vegetables such as,! As indigestion, constipation, and cocoyam., Maize varieties released and registered in show!