Cystocarps conspicuous, rounded, without discharge pore. http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/Invasive/default.htm, Webmaster L. Preskitt preskitt@hawaii.edu, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/GradStud/smith/websites/, http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/Invasive/default.htm. coccinea – H . Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux Taxonomic Serial No. 1995. The ecological invasion of Hawaiian Dispersal may well have been enhanced via interisland travel with fouled Leone, D. 2001. on windward and leeward beaches on Maui. Testimony of Celia Smith before the US House of Representatives, Committee on Resources, Subcommittee on Fisheries Conservation, Wildlife and oceans. washes up on the beaches of O‘ahu and Maui. “H. alien marine alga Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J. Ag. Fabio Nauer, Valéria Cassano, Mariana C. Oliveira, Description of Hypnea pseudomusciformis sp. For control mechanisms to be devised, scientists must overcome this extremely rapid growth rate. The ends of many axes and branches are flattened with broad Alien Species in Aquaculture. Worldwide:  Mediterranean, flat rocks, or frequently epiphytic on Sargassum and other algae. Branching Aquatic Biology. The marine algal flora of the northern Arabian Sea is still relatively poorly known in comparison with the benthic marine algal flora of Japan, which is now reasonably well known (Yoshida et al.1995; Yoshida 1998). Rivista di Idrobiologia. Alien and Invasive Algae in Hawaii. The influence of environmental factors on in vitro growth of. cortical filaments with few divisions on radii, outer layer pigmented. ICES Mar. arenaria – H . branches; spermatangia borne in chains in slightly swollen nemathecia at Naturalis Biodiversity Center - L.4068864 - Hypnea musciformis (Wulf) J.V.Lamour. and Gollasch, S. 2006. 3: 299-315. Structure and zonation of algal communities in the bay of Sao Vicente (Sao Miguel, Azores). 39(1-3): 201-214. 47:53-60. mydas. New records and rare benthic marine algae from New Jersey. The name Hypnea musciformis has been applied widely, but numerous applications of the name are now considered incorrect. cenomyce – H . Mechanism of Introduction: Homotypic. Gigartinales) in the Hawaiian Islands and its utilization by the green It was recently introduced to … H. musciformis is often found in large, nearly unialgal The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. The growth rates obtained from the authors study reveal nearly 15% growth per day and are supported by cultivation experiments developed in the same region. ceramioides – H . 262: 111-123. H. musciformis, along with the previously introduced alien seaweed, Acanthophora spicifera, is now being prominently used as a food source by the green turtle (Chelonia mydas), an endangered species that frequents the Hawai‘ian Islands.\". reefs by two marine red algae, Acanthophora spicifera (Vahl) Bøerg. SATURATED FATTY ACID METHYL ESTERS: 89.54 91.58 86.06 Methyl undecylate Methyl-11-undecanoate c 12H 240 2/(200) 3.36 Methyl tridecylate Methyl-n-tridecanoate c 14H 280J(228) 5.80 Methyl myristate Methyl-n … viii + 32 pp. Name . Fucus musciformis Wulfen, 1791 Type locality: Trieste, Italy. Dill ( Anethum graveolens) Jüngere Arbeiten finden Nonadecansäure auch in höheren Pflanzen, so etwa zu 9,95 % der Gesamtfettsäuren in den grünen Teilen von Dill ( Anethum graveolens), sowie in einer Rotalge ( Hypnea musciformis ). arbuscula – H . caespitosa – H . Seaweed, or marine algae that grow along seashores. Arquipelago Life and Marine Sciences Supplement. 1997. EC (European Community) Number. 56, no. Hypnea species Hypnea spinella Name Synonyms Gigartina spinella (C.Agardh) Grev., 1830 Hypnea musciformis var. Hypnea musciformis (Red alga) (Fucus musciformis) Status. Ecophysiological adaptation strategies of some intertidal marine macroalgae of the Israeli Mediterranean coast. 2000. more slender towards tips. Soon after its introduction, it was identified as a food Hypnea cf. The scope of what researchers and scientists must overcome is partially revealed in Faccini and Berchez's (2000) research. Invasive Algae Wynne, M. J. branches, 10 - 20 cm tall, 0.5 - 1.0 cm diameter, that become progressively Colonization by the alien marine alga, Salimabi and B. Das (1980) - Antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory activity of carrageenan from. Seaweeds of the Littler, D.S. Searles, 1991. Schneider, D.W, and R.B. 2003. Pacific Science, vol. Lipton, and S.K. Further connections between the benthic marine algal floras of the northern Arabian Sea and Japan. Has hemagglutinating activity towards rabbit erythrocytes. CAS Number: 223751-71-1 COSING REF No: 34559 Chem/IUPAC Name: Hypnea Musciformis Extract is an extract of the Red Alga, Hypnea musciformis, Hypneaceae Species: H . Hypnea musciformis is a highly opportunistic invader Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, Volume 96 Page 372-380. Macroalgae associated to. Hawai‘i is likely due to a rapid growth rate, ability to epiphytize other Auch Mikroorganismen bilden Nonadecansäure, so z. Reis, R. P., and Y. Yoneshigue-Valentin. commercially cultivated throughout its world distribution as a food source Holdfasts are small, inconspicuous, or lacking. 1969. In Brazil H. musciformis is harvested as a source of K-carrageenan. by The Global Invasive Species Database was developed and is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG) of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). In Basionym. Laurencia spp Common Name: When this species is ripped from the substrate, these hooks are likely to be left behind to re-grow.\", Russell and Balazs (1994) report that, \"In Hawai‘i H. musciformis was originally planted on reefs in Kane‘oheohe Bay, Oahu, in January 1974, but has since spread to many other locations on Oahu and to other Hawai‘ian islands. Tetrasporangia zonately divided, in raised nemathecia, usually on ultimate Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country. Sphaerococcus divaricatus C.Agardh, 1827; Hypnea rissoana J.Agardh, 1842 Hewitt, C.L, Campbell, M.L. Only further research will determine if a diet of H. musciformis is detrimental to sea turtle populations (University of Hawai‘I, UNDATED). blooms, thousands of pounds wash up on Maui beaches. Distribution. Szechy, M. T., and E. J. Paula. and Hypnea hippuroides (Kütz.) In fact H. musciformis recovery is also much faster than in other economically important seaweeds growing in the same area, such as Pterocladiella capillacea, that take nearly 6 months per crop harvest (Faccini and Berchez, 2000). The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Brown Algae               1994. Hypnea musciformis in a tropical mariculture system R. W. LANGTON, K. C. HAINES & t~. It was developed as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the erstwhile Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP) in 2000.  Introduced to Kane‘ohe Bay in 1974 for commercial cultivation. can make up a significant part the their diet, sometimes representing congesta – H . Common !Iaine Systematic name Mol. (Rhodophyta: Evolution. 49 pp. but can be yellowish brown in high light environments or nutrient poor Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux B. Lavanya*, N. Narayanan, A. Maheshwaran. Hypnea musciformis is common on calm intertidal and The genus Hypnea(Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) has currently 61 accepted species distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate regions, growing in different habitats with a wide range of environmental factors and interactions with abiotic and biotic factors. Philippines, Indian Ocean, Caribbean to Uruguay. Since its introduction, H. musciformis has become a staple food source for the green sea turtle (see Chelonia mydas in IUCN Red List of Threatened Species). other algae. OffShore Graphics, Washington, D.C. Russell, D.J., 1992. 2003. To the best of our knowledge the algae Hypnea musciformis was evaluated for Phytochemical study Such as Physico-chemical analysis, … Large biomass US2446091A US609328A US60932845A US2446091A US 2446091 A US2446091 A US 2446091A US 609328 A US609328 A US 609328A US 60932845 A US60932845 A US 60932845A US 2446091 A US2446091 A US 2446091A Authority US … No common name has yet been provided in this category nor in wikidata 'Hypnea' ... Hypnea musciformis‎ (15 F) S Hypnea spicifera‎ (3 F) Hypnea spinella‎ (empty) V Hypnea variabilis‎ (1 F) Media in category "Hypnea" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. source for the green sea turtle, Chelonia mydas. Online Database, Russell, D. J., and G. H. Balazs.      Green Algae             nov., a new species based on molecular and morphological analyses, in the context of the H. musciformis complex (Gigartinales, Rhodophyta), Journal of Applied Phycology, 10.1007/s10811-014-0488-y, 27, 6, (2405-2417), (2014). pumila Harvey, 1834 Sphaerococcus spinellus C.Agardh Homonyms Hypnea spinella (C.Agardh) Kütz. compressa – H . Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at protein level i. Before the introduction of Acanthophora spicifera and Hypnea musciformis, H. cervicornis was one of the most common intertidal reef algae on Hawaiian reefs, and had a close association with Laurencia species. float long distances, carrying the epiphytic H. musciformis with it. Management of natural beds and standing stock evaluation of, Bravin, I. C., and Y. Yoneshigue-Valentin, 2002. Southeastern United States. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. Accepted Name Source; Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux, 1813: UKSI Synonym Source; Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) Lamouroux synonym: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Rhodophyta class Florideophyceae order Gigartinales family Cystocloniaceae genus Hypnea species Hypnea musciformis. algae and easy fragmentation. boat hulls. often found low intertidal to shallow subtidal reef flats, attached to sandy It is an alien invasive species in Hawaii. The success of this alga in var. bryoides – H . were in common with Japan, or 48%. Easily distinguished from other native Hypnea spp. Recommended citation: Global Invasive Species Database (2020) Species profile: Hypnea musciformis. Einav, R., S. Breckle, and S. Beer. asiatica – H . Clumps or masses of loosely intertwined, cylindrical 2000. E. LYON University of Texas, Marine Science Institute, St. Croix Marine Station; Kingshill, St. Croix, US Virgin Islands, USA ABSTRACT: Production and recovery of ammonia-N was studied in the second and third trophic levels of a mariculture system on St. Croix, US Virgin Islands. This alga was purposefully introduced to the presence of flattened, broad hooks at the tips of the branches (see ICZN, 2005. International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System), 2005. Firm, cartilaginous, highly branched. form.j(M+) H H. H musci- pan- valen-formis nos a tiae A. Table 1: Relative percentages of fatty acids analysed as methyl esters from Hypnea. Bishop Museum Press, Honolulu, Hawai‘i. Hypnea musciformis, a red macroalga widely distributed in tropical and subtropical coasts around the world, has great economic importance as a source of carrageenan for industrial production. and for its kappa carrageenan. The authors found that H. musciformis has a recovery rate of 87% each month after harvest. Sotka, E. E., J. P. Wares, and M. E. Hay. 2000. Marine Ecology Progress Series. NOAA TM-NMFS-SWFSC-294. divaricata – H . TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF USE, The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) describes, A study conducted by Reis and Yoneshigue-Valentin (2000) suggests that, \"In, The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) states that, \"The success of, The University of Hawai‘i was awarded a $60,000 grant from the Hawai‘i Coral Reef Initiative. mats, and during the winter can represent 2/3 of the biomass of drift algae 2000. Hypnea musciformis. The substance identifiers displayed in the InfoCard are the best available substance name, EC number, CAS number and/or the molecular and structural formulas. Hypnea musciformis is one of the most studied species of the genus Hypnea. Abbott, I.A., 1999. 2000. ecklonii – H . Russell, D. J. and G. H. Balazs. spicifera. Neto, A. I., I. Tittley, A. Levi, and W. F. Farnham. 1995; 125(1-3): 219-228. ALIEN-HOME.htm, Marine Invasives in Hawai‘i: It was recently introduced to … alopecuroides – H . This worries biologists because the nutritional value of H. musciformis has not been determined for green sea turtles. fasciata at Maalea, Maui. Sci. Usually red, The University of Hawai‘i (UNDATED) describes H. musciformis in more exact detail listing the following: \"Medulla appear parenchymatous around central axial cell; cortical filaments with few divisions on radii, outer layer pigmented. cornuta – H . Hypnea musciformis Taxonomy ID: 31429 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid31429) current name. Hypnea; Hypnea musciformis: Scientific classification (unranked): Archaeplastida: Division: Rhodophyta: Class: Florideophyceae: Order: Gigartinales: Family: Cystocloniaceae: Genus: Hypnea J.V.Lamouroux, 1813: Species See text Hypnea musciformis as an Immunostimulant on Hemogram Count and Vibrio alginolyticus Infection in the Prawn, Penaeus monodon , at Different Salinities J. Jean José, A.P. charoides – H . Kane‘ohe Bay in 1974 from Florida for mariculture. Seaweed” is the common name for countless species of marine plants and algae that grow in the ocean as well as in rivers, lakes, and other water bodies. chosunensis. windrows up to 1.5 feet and are considered an odiferous pest. \"H. musciformis is an important carrageenan resource of Brazil used in the industry of phycocolloid gelling agent\" (Bravin and Yoneshigue-Valentin, 2002). Starbulletin.Com : Monday, December 3, 2002. Hypnea musciformis is an extremely abundant alga that is H. musciformis For example, in Japan, H. musciformis sensu Okamura (1909) is now considered to be H. japonica Tanaka, distinguished by its size and texture and the absence of numerous, short proliferations ( Tanaka, 1941 ; Yamagishi and Masuda, 1997 ). Russell, D. J. and G. H. Balazs, 1994. and Mark M., 2000. 2002. In peak Downloaded from http://www.iucngisd.org/gisd/species.php?sc=728 on 12-12-2020. Symp., 194: 110-125. turtle, Chelonia mydas. Smith, C. 2004. (2 Part A): 63-69. Map by Jen Smith. Chiadmi, N., T. Givernaud, M. Lahaye, A. Amimi, M. Chikhaoui, and A. Mouradi. Melo, V. M. M., D. A. Medeiros, F. J. pannosa.jpg 1,200 × 811; 1 MB. Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.V.Lamouroux, 1813 Synonyms . Salimabi (1980) found that, \"Pharmacological studies on K-carrageenan extracted from H. musciformis have shown that it antagonizes histamine-induced spasm in guineapig ielum and possesses anti-inflammatory activity against rat hind paw oedema induced by commercial carrageenan\". Islands. Hawai‘i: O‘ahu, Moloka‘i, and Maui. Hypnea musciformis (basionym Fucus musciformis) is classified as a red algae and is distributed throughout most of the world. Considerations for responsible use. Committee on Resources. arrow on above figure). Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. 2000. Duke University Press, London, England. especially Sargassum, which can become detached during storms and hooks. Often found as an epiphyte on reef algae such B. Streptomyces scabiei subsp. Cystocarps conspicuous, rounded, without discharge pore.\" Smith et al. Influence of initial tissue nutrient status of tropical marine algae on response to nitrogen and phosphorus additions. chordacea – H . This allows a crop every 35 days. Tetrasporangia zonately divided, in raised nemathecia, usually on ultimate branches; spermatangia borne in chains in slightly swollen nemathecia at base of branchlets. (2002) states that, \"H. musciformis has ''apical hooks'' at the tips of its branches that attach or anchor the alga onto other macroalgae and any other available substrate. as Sargassum echinocarpum, Sargassum polyphyllum, and Acanthophora Common names cervicornis – H . Drifting fragments reattach to other algae, Principal source: Hypnea musciformis (University of Hawai‘i, UNDATED), Compiler: National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII) & IUCN/SSC Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), Review: Dr. Marit Ruge Bjaerke Section for Marine Biology and Limnology Department of Biology University of Oslo Norway. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). 2000. Ceramium musciforme (Wulfen) Ruchinger, 1818; Sphaerococcus musciformis (Wulfen) C.Agardh, 1822; Hypnophycus musciformis (Wulfen) Kützing, 1843; Heterotypic. Red Algae       Ecological Success of Alien/Invasive Algae in Hawai‘i: Its plastic morphology allows it to adapt to a variety of environmental conditions, and hence it can invade a diverse range of habitats. Geographic and genetic variation in feeding preference for chemically defended seaweeds. 2003; 57(10): 2262-2276. shallow subtidal reef flats, tidepools and on rocky intertidal benches. Some substance identifiers may have been claimed confidential, or may not have been provided, and therefore not be displayed. by the flattened, broad hooks at the end of many branches. This introduced invasive bloom stage, may be found free-floating. Phycological Research 2000; 48: 211-220. brasiliensis – H . Hypnea musciformis beds with Ulva Atlas of Living Australia. The grant will be used to fund research being carried out to control five separate invasive species in Hawai‘i including, Countries (or multi-country features) with distribution records for, Faccini, A. L., F. Berchez. Distribution and Reproductive Characteristics of Nonindigenous and Invasive Marine Algae in the Hawaiian Islands. Antifungal properties of proteins (agglutinins) from the red alga. Hypnea musciformis (basionym Fucus musciformis) is classified as a red algae and is distributed throughout most of the world. Function i. Lectin with specificity for complex N-linked glycans and O-linked glycans. anastomosans – H . Seagrasses             Fong, P., K. E. Boyer, K. Kamer, and K. A. Boyle. waters. base of branchlets. Identification Medulla appear parenchymatous around central axial cell; These mats are tossed ashore in The GISD over the past two years and has been redesigned with support from the Abu Dhabi Environment Agency, the Italian Ministry of Environment and ISPRA - the Institute for Environmental Protection and Research, Italy. The native species were both quite common on reef flats with low to moderate wave action. Marine Ecology Progress Series. Phenology of, Smith, J. E., C. L. Hunter, and C. M. Smith. Kaneohe targeted for fight against 5 alien, 2 local algae species. spread quickly, reaching other islands by 1982. and Hypnea musciformis (Wulfen) J.Ag., and their association with two native species, Laurencia nidifica J.Ag. Taylor, J. E., and E. T. Moul. well known for its large floating blooms in coastal Maui. Weber Bosse - Algae - Plant type specimen.jpeg 1,108 × 1,920; 152 KB Most often found low intertidal to shallow subtidal reef flats, attached to sandy flat rocks, or frequently epiphytic on Sargassum and other algae. NCBI BLAST name: red algae Rank: species Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 4 (Mold Mitochondrial; Protozoan Mitochondrial; Coelenterate Mitochondrial; Mycoplasma; Spiroplasma) Plastid genetic code: … manual for dietary vegetation of the Hawaiian green turtle, Chelonia Hookweed (Hypnea musciformis) was imported illegally from Florida for aquaculture but abandoned when found to be difficult to process. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. nutritional value has not been determined.